Each year millions of people get affected by waterborne diseases. The main reason for the waterborne disease is the drinking of contaminated water or consumption of uncooked food. Almost all nation around the world is suffering from these issues. There are various kinds of waterborne disease here we will discuss what waterborne diseases are how to prevent yourself from this disease.
What Is Waterborne Disease?
A disease which is caused by virus, bacteria, and another form of the microscopic organism which you can ingest through contaminated water or by coming in contact with faces. Not all waterborne diseases are fatal if treated timely. But still millions of people lost their lives due to waterborne diseases. If all the people around the world correctly follow sanitation and hygiene, then this disease would not exist. Various NGOs, Governments agencies, and communities are regularly working from the last 20 years to end waterborne diseases. But still many things to do to stop these diseases.
Types Of Waterborne Diseases
There are various kinds of waterborne disease, but here we have listed some of the most crucial diseases which are
This is one of the most dangerous and fatal diseases. Bacteria, namely Salmonella typhi, cause this disease. According to the WHO report, more than 20 million cases reported worldwide, and out of all-around 2 lakhs, people lose their lives due to Typhoid each year. Typhoid is mainly spread through contaminated food, unsafe water, and poor sanitation and this disease is highly contagious.
Like another waterborne disease, Cholera also occurs due to the consumption of contaminated water and causes dehydration and diarrhoea. Cholera is mainly caused by bacteria known as Vibro cholera. This waterborne disease can be fatal days or even hours of exposure to the bacteria, but only 1 people out of 10 develop life-threatening symptoms.
It is an intestinal infection which is characterized by severe diarrhea as well as blood or mucus in the stool. This waterborne disease mainly occurs due to poor hygiene, thus by following proper hygiene. Dysentery is primarily caused by bacteria, virus, or parasite, which can be present in unsafe food and water.
4. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is a liver infection which is caused by consuming contaminated food and water or by coming in contact with the infected person. People travel in developing nation regularly or work in the rural area with the poor sanitation, and hygiene management is prone to get Hepatitis A. Usually the infection goes into a few weeks. Still, it is possible that the infection can become severe and last several months.
This form of waterborne disease is mainly caused by a parasite called Entamoeba histolytic, which is also a protozoan. This protozoan is mostly present in the contaminated water, and consumption of contaminated water can affect the intestine. The intestinal infection leads to lost motion, abdominal cramp, stomach pain, and many others.
How To Prevent Waterborne Disease?
There are many parts in the world where the waterborne disease is fatal, and knowledge about preventive measures of waterborne diseases are not widely available. However, various governmental and private agencies are regularly working to increase awareness among people to prevent waterborne disease.
One of the best ways to avoid waterborne disease is drinking of contamination-free water as contaminated water contains various disease-causing pathogens which can lead to the multiple kinds of waterborne disease. With the help of the water purification system, you can get contamination-free water.
Water purification system can eliminate all kinds of contamination present in the water. The best example of a water purification system is a water purifier. A water purifier is based on modern and advances water purification technology so that it can eliminate all kinds of the disease-causing pathogen. Thus before drinking water makes sure that your drinking water is contamination-free or treated by a water purifier.